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Опухоли головы и шеи

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Особенности клинического течения меланомы слизистых оболочек головы и шеи. Обзор литературы.

https://doi.org/10.17650/2222-1468-2015-5-4-

Аннотация

Меланома— злокачественная опухоль, развивающаяся из меланоцитов. Меланомы слизистых оболочек головы и шеи составляют 0,2-8,0% от всех меланом , 1%  всех новообразований головы и шеи, и более 50%  меланом  всех слизистых оболочек . В отечественной и зарубежной литературе  в основном встречаются описания лишь  отдельных  клинических случаев заболевания. Несмотря на единый гистогенез, меланомы слизистых оболочек головы и шеи  имеют ряд особенностей в силу специфического топографо-анатомического расположения очага характеризуется более неблагоприятным клиническим прогнозом в сравнении с  кожными формами. При этом, меланомы слизистых оболочек  обладают более высоким метастатическим потенциалом. Пятилетняя общая выживаемость не превышает 30%.  Понимание особенностей клинического течения  меланомы слизистых оболочек головы и шеи  необходимо для определения прогноза заболевания. В данной статье выполнен анализ публикаций, посвященных описанию клинических проявлений заболевания и характерным особенностям клинического течения в зависимости от локализации опухоли.

Об авторе

Анастасия Валерьевна Игнатова
Российская медицинская академия последипломного образования


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Для цитирования:


Игнатова А.В. Особенности клинического течения меланомы слизистых оболочек головы и шеи. Обзор литературы. Опухоли головы и шеи. 2015;5(4). https://doi.org/10.17650/2222-1468-2015-5-4-

For citation:


. Head and Neck Tumors (HNT). 2015;5(4). https://doi.org/10.17650/2222-1468-2015-5-4-

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ISSN 2222-1468 (Print)
ISSN 2411-4634 (Online)